If you are planning to buy a quality speaker or have started shopping for one, you will most likely come across the terms full range and regular speakers. These terms are used to let you know the capabilities and audio frequencies that a speaker can offer you. Though both high-quality regular and full range speakers are good, full range speakers have a lot more to offer.
In this guide, we are going to look at what a full range speaker is and why you should consider buying it.
Full Range vs. Regular Speakers
Regular speakers feature many mechanisms and use different drivers to produce high and low-frequency signals. These speakers also include a woofer for the low frequencies, a tweeter for the high frequencies, and a crossover circuit that direct signals from the speaker.
Full range speakers have only one driver element and can produce every audio signal perceptible to human hearing. These speakers do not require a crossover to direct their signals or any other equipment to enhance the sound. Full range speakers also offer more articulation and detail while in the mid-level.
This makes them perfect for refined music like jazz. Though full range speakers are great, they do not have the vibrant range that regular or multi-driver speakers offer.
What Is a Full Range Speaker?
To answer the question of what is a full range speaker, you need to understand human hearing. Sound frequency is mainly measured in Hertz (Hz) units or the number of times that audio signals rise and fall in a second.
Human beings can hear all sound frequencies from 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz or 20 kHz, and good quality full range speakers can produce sound in most of these frequencies. The term “full range” defines the speaker’s ability to produce high-quality sound within the range that the human ear can perceive.
Components or Mechanisms of a Full Range Speaker
Single driver full range speakers have several components. When combined, these components give the full audio sound that the speakers are known for. Subject to the make or design, the speakers can have various sound drivers in an element.
For example, you can find a speaker with a wheezer cone that is connected to where the voice coil and diaphragm meet. This helps to make best use of the high-frequency performance of that particular speaker and its sound quality.
Some full range speakers design can combine the voice coil with the diaphragm and a complaint bond. This bond guarantees that the speaker’s high-frequency signals change the cone instead of transmitting them. The technique is also a machine-driven application of audio crossover.
Because full range speakers can respond to both low and high frequencies, they cover a vast audio spectrum than other speakers. Full range speakers can also include a unique cabinet and a light voice coil for high frequencies, which is a feature that is mainly designed for low frequencies.
The various drivers that these speakers feature will also influence your music hearing experience. The components of full range speakers include:
Good quality full range speakers feature a dedicated full range tweeter, which is responsible for making high frequencies from around 2000 Hz to 20,000 Hz. Some tweeters can even produce more than 20,000 Hz. Note that tweeters are the smallest component in a speaker. They look like small domes with a small sheet of film protected by a grill or a rectangular horn.
Subwoofers or Bass Drivers
Also known as bass speakers or woofers , these drivers deliver the lowest sound levels in a speaker. This component produces sound signals from at least 40 Hz to 300 Hz in a full range speaker. They will allow you to hear sound notes from bass guitars, kick drums, and any other bass instrument. There are bass drivers that can produce 15 Hz frequencies.
Bass drivers are the largest component in a speaker, are made of paper-like material, and are cone-shaped. In full range speakers, these drivers work together with midrange drivers to deliver a strong bass without alteration and an superb stereo sound.
Standard speakers have three driver components. In such speakers, the midrange drivers are responsible for delivering mid-level frequencies that range from 300 Hz to 2000Hz. This is the range where a human voice exists.
Midrange drivers are cone-shaped, made of paper, and are responsible for making the sound that musical instruments make. Whizzer cones or tweeters also maximize the frequency level of midrange drivers.
Several smaller full range speakers feature only a midrange driver and a subwoofer or bass, driver. These speakers are known as mid-bass drivers and deliver frequencies of around 100 Hz. The bass they diver is lower than bass drivers. Mid-bass drivers handle both bass and midrange frequencies.
When it comes to mid-bass vs. midrange, you should note that, though mid-bass speakers do not deliver deep bass, they work perfectly with midrange frequencies because they both deliver frequencies that are in the level of a human voice.
Why You Should Buy a Full Range Speaker
There are several reasons to choose full range speakers. Though you may be sacrificing bass performance, these speakers are worth buying because they will make your car or home lively. Because full range speakers deliver frequencies covering the human voice, they offer a great music experience that several speakers cannot match.
These speakers will give you the impression of a live music performance, and its midrange level will allow you to have a soundstage experience. If you choose to get a bigger unit, you will enjoy the incredible bass performance, but you may have to sacrifice high frequencies.
When it comes to midrange speakers vs. full range speakers, it is crucial that you know that the sound that full range speakers deliver can challenge several speakers with several components in the market. They deliver tremendous clarity within their limitations. To highlight or strip out the frequency levels that these speakers offer, you may consider using 2, 3, or 4-way speakers.
Full range speakers offer quality sound and an exceptional music experience than other speakers because they do not have a crossover. They can deliver greater detail and clarity in mid-level tones, and this makes them worth having. To get the best sound from full range speakers, it may be ideal to buy high-quality speakers.